Category Archives: causal inference

Correlation vs causation: The case of competitive funding and research quality

On September 27, the German Science Foundation (DFG) announced its decision to award the status of a research cluster of excellence (Exzellenzcluster) to 57 cluster proposals from all disciplines. This was the first step of its so-called excellence strategy, (Exzellenzstrategie/ExStra, … Continue reading

Posted in causal inference, political science, science, Wissenschaftssystem | Tagged , , , , | 3 Comments

The COMPASSS statement and QCA solution types

About two weeks ago, COMPASSS issued a Statement on Rejecting Article Submissions because of QCA Solution Type. In short, the reasoning was that methodological work on QCA is developing and that reviewers and editors should not judge empirical work based … Continue reading

Posted in causal inference, causation, QCA, qualitative, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, regularity, set theory | Tagged , , , , , | 15 Comments

Review of ‘Multi-Method Social Science’ (Seawright, CUP) – Chapter 2: Causation as A Shared Standard

Continuing the chapter-by-chapter review of Seawright’s book on Multi-Method Social Science took me longer than I imagined and it should have, but here we go again. The second chapter discusses the fundamentals of multimethod research (MMR) and identifies “Causation as … Continue reading

Posted in book review, causal inference, causation, mixed methods research, multimethod research, nested analysis, process tracing, qualitative, quantitative | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

People require preregistration, not methods

Many APSA 2016 panels and discussions in the Section on Qualitative and Multimethod Research and the Political Methodology Section were centered on the Data Access and Research Transparency (DART) Initiative (probably worth a blog post of its own). Even panels … Continue reading

Posted in APSA, Bayesianism, dart, evidence, preregistration, process tracing | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Process tracing is possible with most-likely and least-likely cases

The idea of most-likely and least-likely cases dates back to Eckstein and was one of the few remaining things in qualitative research there seemed to be no disagreement about because they are considered an asset in causal analysis. In a … Continue reading

Posted in case selection, case study, causal inference, causal mechanism, causation, process tracing, qualitative | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

You are a regularity theorist when using the Coincidence Analysis algorithm in QCA

One of the recent big and, in my view, underappreciated innovations in the field of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) is Baumgartner’s formulation of the Coincidence Analysis algorithm (CNA). Baumgartner presents it as an alternative to QCA, which I do not … Continue reading

Posted in algorithm, causal inference, causation, CNA, QCA, qualitative, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Quine-McCluskey, regularity, set relation, set theory | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Another mistaken criticism of set theory and set-theoretic methods

For some time now, a discussion has been raging about the pros and cons of set theory and the use of set-theoretic methods (STM) in the social sciences (e.g., in Sociological Methodology and the APSA Newsletter). Following up on a … Continue reading

Posted in causal inference, causal mechanism, causation, comparative, process tracing, QCA, qualitative, Qualitative Comparative Analysis, set relation, set theory | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment